There are various treatments of misaligned teeth either underbite or overbite and crooked teeth. Retainers and braces are common ways to straighten the teeth of patients. General dentists do orthodontics and basic alignment. Orthodontists focus in the correction of teeth irregularities.
Before any dental treatment is done to your teeth issues, an Easton orthodontist will first do a clinical exam to evaluate your health, take pictures of your teeth and face, assess your teeth, and suggest x-rays of your head and mouth. The analysis of the information gathered from these procedures will help Easton orthodontist provide a suitable treatment plan for you.
Some cases need a detachable retainer, while other situations may require braces. In some rare cases for extreme underbite or overbite, surgery may be necessary.
Types of braces
Braces come in wires, bands, and other removable or fixed corrective appliances. Every patient has different method of treatment.
How are braces working
Braces work by the application of continuous pressure for a period to move the teeth slowly in a desired direction. The shape of the bone is changed with the applied pressure during the movement of the teeth.
The components of braces:
- Brackets – these are small squares directly bonded to each tooth at the front. They are like handles that hold the wires moving the teeth. Brackets include colored ceramic, stainless steel, or plastic.
- Orthodontic bands – these are clear or colored stainless-steel materials being cemented to the teeth with bonding agents.
- Spaces – these are separators between teeth. They provide a space before placing the orthodontic bands.
- Arch wires – they are tracks to lead the teeth movement. These are made of metal, tooth-colored or clear materials.
- Ties – these are fine wires or rubber rings that hold the arch and the brackets. They are metal, clear, or colored.
- Buccal tube – this securely holds the arch wire in place.
- Elastic bands – these are called ligatures and hold the wires and the brackets.
There are modern braces that are smaller compared to traditional ones which are also good options to some patients.
The advancement in dental technology provides many alternatives to treating teeth issues. It is always important to discuss the kind of treatment to your dentist before making a decision.